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Question 11 questions

Time 14 minutes

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Passage 1 is adapted from Louisa Twining, "Workhouses and Women's Work" © 1857 by The National Association for the Promotion of Social Science. Passage 2 is adapted from Florence Nightingale and William Rathbone, "Workhouse Nursing, the Story of a Successful Experiment" © 1867 by Macmillan and Co.

Passage 1

Passage 2

1. The primary purpose of Passage 1 is to

  • A. praise an effective structure.
  • B. criticize a social group.
  • C. examine the finances of a system.
  • D. advocate for a necessary change.

2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 13-16 ("Efficient nurses…pay")
  • B. Lines 16-19 ("One of…it")
  • C. Lines 22-27 ("but in…week")
  • D. Lines 28-32 ("Seeing how…law")

3. As used in lines 21, "maintained" most nearly means

  • A. provided for.
  • B. affirmed.
  • C. healed.
  • D. fixed.

4. The phrase in lines 34-35 ("we could hardly hope") most directly suggests that

  • A. an ideal candidate should be found for a position.
  • B. people who go to hospitals should be critical of nurses.
  • C. allowances should be made, since no person is perfect.
  • D. an improvement is still likely to have some flaws.

5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 13-16 ("Efficient nurses…pay")
  • B. Lines 19-22 ("Of course…parish")
  • C. Lines 29-32 ("it would…law")
  • D. Lines 35-38 ("from what…plan")

6. The final sentence of Passage 1 has which effect?

  • A. It emphasizes that the current situation is unpleasant.
  • B. It shares the author's despair over the circumstances.
  • C. It casts an entirely optimistic light on a proposal.
  • D. It evokes the generally low opinion held for a certain group.

7. It can be most directly inferred from the second paragraph of Passage 2 (lines 46-56) that the first year of the experiment described in the passage was unusual in

  • A. having weather that caused an uncharacteristic amount of illness.
  • B. the overall number of people who required medical treatment.
  • C. that effective medical treatment exceeded statistical expectations.
  • D. the number of people who died from disease.

8. The author of Passage 2 references a "careful classified list of cases" (line 64) in order to

  • A. specify what will be required of all workhouses in the future, if the experiment continues.
  • B. explain a missing element that would have ensured an outcome.
  • C. reveal an inconsistency which made more accurate analysis impossible.
  • D. detail the extent to which records can be kept over a long period.

9. As used in line 69, the phrase "character of seasons" most nearly means

  • A. changes in morality.
  • B. weather patterns.
  • C. the overall health during a period.
  • D. the unpredictable nature of human behavior.

10. The author of Passage 1 would most likely respond to the phrase in lines 46-47 ("With the exception…class") of Passage 2 by

  • A. expressing surprise at an unexpected result that is inconsistent with prior observations.
  • B. acknowledging that an ideal situation may not be practical to attain.
  • C. noting that intervention earlier in life may have changed an outcome.
  • D. suggesting that the data may not be entirely representative.

11. Which choice best describes the relationship between the two passages?

  • A. Passage 2 describes a scenario that addresses some elements of the situation shown in Passage 1.
  • B. Passage 2 discusses potential results of the overall problem reviewed in Passage 1.
  • C. Passage 2 underscores the futility of attempts to resolve the concerns of Passage 1.
  • D. Passage 2 resolves the issues brought to light in Passage 1.