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Franklin Delano Roosevelt Speech
This passage is adapted from a speech delivered by President Franklin Roosevelt on January 6, 1941, to the United States Congress. In the passage, Roosevelt reveals his intention to preserve and spread American ideals around the world.
The Nation takes great satisfaction and muchstrength from the things which have been done tomake its people conscious of their individual stakein the preservation of democratic life in America.05Those things have toughened the fibre of our people,have renewed their faith and strengthened their de-votion to the institutions we make ready to protect.Certainly this is no time for any of us to stopthinking about the social and economic problems10which are the root cause of the social revolutionwhich is today a supreme factor in the world.For there is nothing mysterious about the founda-tions of a healthy and strong democracy. The basicthings expected by our people of their political and15economic systems are simple. They are:•Equality of opportunity for youth and for others.•Jobs for those who can work.•Security for those who need it.•The ending of special privilege for the few.20•The preservation of civil liberties for all.•The enjoyment of the fruits of scientific progressin a wider and constantly rising standard of living.These are the simple, basic things that must neverbe lost sight of in the turmoil and unbelievable com-25plexity of our modern world. The inner and abid-ing strength of our economic and political systemsis dependent upon the degree to which they fulfillthese expectations.Many subjects connected with our social econo-30my call for immediate improvement.As examples:•We should bring more citizens under the coverageof old-age pensions and unemployment insurance.•We should widen the opportunities for adequate35medical care.•We should plan a better system by which personsdeserving or needing gainful employment mayobtain it.I have called for personal sacrifice. I am as-40sured of the willingness of almost all Americans torespond to that call.A part of the sacrifice means the payment ofmore money in taxes. In my Budget Message I shallrecommend that a greater portion of this great de-45fense program be paid for from taxation than we arepaying today. No person should try, or be allowed, toget rich out of this program; and the principle of taxpayments in accordance with ability to pay should beconstantly before our eyes to guide our legislation.50If the Congress maintains these principles, thevoters, putting patriotism ahead of pocketbooks, willgive you their applause.In the future days, which we seek to make secure,we look forward to a world founded upon four55essential human freedoms.The first is freedom of speech and expression—everywhere in the world.The second is freedom of every person to worshipGod in his own way—everywhere in the world.60The third is freedom from want—which,translated into world terms, means economicunderstandings which will secure to every nationa healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants—every-where in the world.65The fourth is freedom from fear—which,translated into world terms, means a world-widereduction of armaments to such a point and in sucha thorough fashion that no nation will be in a posi-tion to commit an act of physical aggression against70any neighbor—anywhere in the world.That is no vision of a distant millennium. It isa definite basis for a kind of world attainable inour own time and generation. That kind of worldis the very antithesis of the so-called new order of75tyranny which the dictators seek to create with thecrash of a bomb.To that new order we oppose the greaterconception—the moral order. A good society isable to face schemes of world domination and80foreign revolutions alike without fear.Since the beginning of our American history,we have been engaged in change—in a perpetualpeaceful revolution—a revolution which goeson steadily, quietly adjusting itself to changing85conditions—without the concentration camp or thequick-lime in the ditch. The world order which weseek is the cooperation of free countries, workingtogether in a friendly, civilized society.This nation has placed its destiny in the hands90and heads and hearts of its millions of free men andwomen; and its faith in freedom under the guid-ance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of hu-man rights everywhere. Our support goes to thosewho struggle to gain those rights or keep them.95Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that highconcept there can be no end save victory.
1. Which phrase from the passage most clearly reflects President Roosevelt's purpose in making this speech?
2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
3. As used in line 39, "sacrifice" most nearly means
4. The passage most strongly suggests a relationship between which of the following phenomena?
5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
6. In line 51, "pocketbooks" most nearly refers to
7. In lines 71-73 ("That is no…generation"), President Roosevelt is most likely responding to what implicit counterclaim to his own argument?
8. Which choice offers evidence that the spread of global democracy is achievable?
9. In lines 60-64 ("The third is…world"), President Roosevelt sets a precedent by which he would most likely support which of the following policies?
10. The author refers to "the so-called new order of tyranny" primarily to
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