SAT Writing and Language Practice Test: Is Gluten-Free the Way to Be?

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Is Gluten-Free the Way to Be?

1 A lot of people suffer from celiac disease and find it hard to control the symptoms. Most of these people, however, are not doing so because of medical necessity. Gluten is not 2 an absolutely essential nutrient, so no one is harmed by following a gluten-free diet. In fact, it may be a good idea to try going gluten-free, as it may reveal some health issues that might have gone undiagnosed.

Studies indicate that about 1 percent of Americans have celiac disease, meaning that eating even 3 standard amounts of gluten will make them ill. Gluten is a protein composite found in 4 wheat, barley, rye and a few other related grains, and it contains amino acid sequences that trigger immune responses in people with celiac disease. Tissues in the small intestine react as if the protein belonged to a harmful virus or 5 bacteria. They become inflamed. This inflammation prevents nutrients from being properly absorbed in the small intestine, resulting in a variety of serious conditions. It also causes gas and bloating, cramps, and diarrhea or constipation.

[1] Although a small percentage of Americans have celiac disease, a much higher percentage report that they try to eat a gluten-free diet or are trying to eat less gluten. [2] 6 According to one survey, some 20 percent of people are trying to avoid or cut back on gluten. [3] Why are so many people following, or trying to follow, a gluten-free diet if they have not been diagnosed with celiac disease? [4] In some cases, they might feel better on the diet because they have celiac disease but have never been diagnosed. [5] People who suspect they have celiac disease because a gluten-free diet made them feel better still need to get diagnosed, but they might never have suspected they had the disease if going gluten-free had not become so popular.7

A lot of people who have been found not to have celiac disease still feel better when they follow a gluten-free diet. Researchers have carefully tested groups of these people, giving them a diet that omitted gluten and then adding gluten back into their diet in 8 pill form, some felt no difference when gluten was added back into their diets. Some, 9 moreover, were affected by gluten, which suggests that there might be other health conditions related to gluten besides celiac disease. These conditions affect only a small percentage of people, so the conditions might not have been noticed and studied if gluten-free diets had not become so popular.

Although it will not necessarily improve the health of everyone who tries it, a gluten-free diet does no harm and definitely 10 benefiting more people than doctors and researchers originally 11 .

1. Replacing the first sentence with which of the following best introduces the main topic of the paragraph?

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. Today, many people try different diets to see which ones they like the best.
  • C. Gluten can cause gastric trouble if people who eat it are allergic to it.
  • D. More and more people are trying to remove gluten from their diet.

2.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. the very most essential
  • C. an essential nutrient
  • D. a very essential nutrient

3.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. nonexistent
  • C. strong
  • D. trace

4.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. wheat, barley, rye, and a few other related grains
  • C. wheat barley, rye and a few other related grains
  • D. wheat, barley, rye, and, a few other related grains

5. Which choice most effectively combines the sentences at the underlined portion?

  • A. bacteria as they become inflamed.
  • B. bacteria and become inflamed.
  • C. bacteria, however they become inflamed.
  • D. bacteria; become inflamed.

6. Which choice revises the sentence with accurate data based on the graphic?

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. According to one survey conducted in 2012, over 28 percent of people were trying to cut back or avoid gluten.
  • C. According to one survey conducted in 2011, about 25 percent of people were trying to cut back or avoid gluten in 2011.
  • D. According to one survey, just under 29 percent of people are trying to cut back or avoid gluten.

7. Which sentence, if added after sentence 4, would best support the claim made in sentence 4?

  • A. A recent study estimates that many Americans with celiac disease do not know they have it.
  • B. A recent study estimates that Americans do not always know they have celiac disease.
  • C. A recent study estimates that about 5 out of every 6 Americans with celiac disease do not know they have it.
  • D. A recent study estimates that a high percentage of Americans with celiac disease do not know they have it.

8.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. pill form. Some felt
  • C. pill form some felt
  • D. pill form consequently some felt

9.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. despite
  • C. however
  • D. for instance

10.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. benefits
  • C. is benefiting
  • D. did benefit

11.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. wanted
  • C. tested
  • D. suspected