SAT Biology Practice Test 10: The History and Diversity of Life

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Question 5 questions

Time 4 minutes

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1. In the Oparin-Haldane experiment, the artificial atmosphere they created contained which of the following?

I. Hydrogen gas

II. Oxygen gas

III. Reducing gases

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II
D. I and III
E. II and III

2. A unicellular organism contains a Golgi body and ribosomes but lacks a cell wall. It is heterotrophic, ingesting food via phagocytosis. What kingdom does this organism belong to?

A. Animalia
B. Eubacteria
C. Fungi
D. Protista
E. Archaea

3. Which of these features are found in the phylum that includes centipedes?

I. Ventral nerve cord

II. Segmented body

III. Calcium- rich shell

IV. Jointed limbs

A. I and II
B. I and IV
C. II and III
D. I, II, and IV
E. II, III, and IV

4. Which of these is a tetrapod that is NOT an amniote?

A. Ostrich
B. Shark
C. Rattlesnake
D. Salamander
E. Kangaroo

5. How did the results of the Urey-Miller experiment affect the Oparin hypothesis?

A. The results supported the Oparin hypothesis by showing that organisms contributed to the composition of Earth's present-day atmosphere.
B. The results contradicted the Oparin hypothesis by showing that Earth's early atmosphere could not produce cells from organic molecules.
C. The results supported the Oparin hypothesis by showing that replicating membranes could form from simple molecular precursors.
D. The results contradicted the Oparin hypothesis by showing that Earth's early atmosphere was too hot and volatile to sustain living things.
E. The results supported the Oparin hypothesis by showing that biological molecules could form in conditions resembling the early Earth.