SAT Subject Biology E/M Practice Test 3: Part A

Test Information

Question 20 questions

Time 15 minutes

See All test questions

Take more free SAT biology subject practice tests available from cracksat.net.

1. Location of cellular respiration in prokaryotes

A. Mitochondria
B. Cytoplasm
C. Pyruvate
D. Lactic acid
E. Glucose

2. End product of anaerobic metabolism in muscle cells

A. Mitochondria
B. Cytoplasm
C. Pyruvate
D. Lactic acid
E. Glucose

3. Location of glycolysis in eukaryotes

A. Mitochondria
B. Cytoplasm
C. Pyruvate
D. Lactic acid
E. Glucose

4. Stage of meiosis during which recombination of genetic material occurs

A. Anaphase II
B. Metaphase I
C. Prophase II
D. Metaphase II
E. Prophase I

5. Stage of meiosis during which pairs of homologous chromosomes align at the center of the cell

A. Anaphase II
B. Metaphase I
C. Prophase II
D. Metaphase II
E. Prophase I

6. Stage of meiosis during which sister chromatids are separated

A. Anaphase II
B. Metaphase I
C. Prophase II
D. Metaphase II
E. Prophase I

7. A simple kind of learning involving loss of sensitivity to unimportant stimuli

A. Reasoning/insight
B. Imprinting
C. Classical conditioning
D. Habituation
E. Instinct

8. Geese recognize a ticking clock as "mother" if exposed to it during a critical period shortly after hatching

A. Reasoning/insight
B. Imprinting
C. Classical conditioning
D. Habituation
E. Instinct

9. Fish are given food at the same time as a tap on their glass bowl and soon learn to approach when a tap sounds even in the absence of food

A. Reasoning/insight
B. Imprinting
C. Classical conditioning
D. Habituation
E. Instinct

10. Structure where most digestion and absorption of nutrients occurs

A. Small intestine
B. Large intestine
C. Stomach
D. Esophagus
E. Mouth

11. Structure where starch digestion first takes place

A. Small intestine
B. Large intestine
C. Stomach
D. Esophagus
E. Mouth

12. Structure with the lowest pH

A. Small intestine
B. Large intestine
C. Stomach
D. Esophagus
E. Mouth

13. Homologous structures, which have similar underlying structures but may have different functions, are formed by

A. divergent evolution
B. speciation
C. segregation
D. convergent evolution
E. stabilizing selection

14. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that binds and carries oxygen and some carbon dioxide. Its affinity for oxygen changes as blood travels from the lungs to the body tissues and back to the lungs again. One could expect hemoglobin to have

A. a high carbon dioxide affinity in the lungs and a low oxygen affinity in the tissues
B. a low carbon dioxide affinity in the lungs and a high oxygen affinity in the tissues
C. a high oxygen affinity in the lungs and a low oxygen affinity in the tissues
D. a low oxygen affinity in the lungs and a high oxygen affinity in the tissues
E. a high oxygen affinity in the lungs and a high carbon dioxide affinity in the lungs

15. Which of the following RNA sequences would be transcribed from the DNA sequence ATGCCTAGGAC?

A. TACGGATCCTG
B. UAGCGAUCCUG
C. AUGCCUAGGAC
D. UACGGAUCCUG
E. GCAUUCGAAGU

16. Arthropods can be characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

A. a hard exoskeleton
B. a water vascular system
C. jointed appendages
D. molting
E. segmented body

17. Which of the following are functions of the kidney?

I. filtration of blood to remove wastes

II. blood pressure regulation

III. pH regulation

A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. I, II, and III

18. In chickens, the allele for long tail feathers (T) is dominant over the allele for short tail feathers (t). If a pure-breeding long-tailed chicken (TT) mates with a pure-breeding short-tailed chicken (tt), what percentage of their offspring (if mated with the correct genotype) could give rise to chickens with long tails?

A. 25%
B. 50%
C. 75%
D. 100%
E. unable to determine from the information given

19. All of the following could be considered density-dependent factors affecting population growth EXCEPT

A. limited nutrients
B. climate temperature
C. build-up of toxins
D. predation
E. limited water

20. The best definition of a species is

A. a group of organisms that occupy the same niche
B. a population that works together to defend itself from predators
C. a group of organisms that can mate with each other
D. a population that preys on other populations
E. a population in which all members benefit from the association in some way