SAT US History Practice Test: 14 A House Divided, 1820–1860

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Question 3 questions

Time 2 minutes

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1. The immediate cause of Southern secession from the Union was

A. the raid on Harpers Ferry
B. the Pottawatomie Massacre
C. the election of Abraham Lincoln
D. the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
E. the determination of Kansas to be a free state

2. In his opinion in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, Chief Justice Taney stated all the following EXCEPT:

A. The Fifth Amendment protected slaveowners' rights to their property.
B. The Missouri Compromise had been unconstitutional because it violated slaveowners' property rights.
C. The framers of the Constitution clearly had not intended the Constitution to apply to anyone of African descent.
D. Slave status did not depend on geography but traveled everywhere with a person who was a slave.
E. As long as society provided separate but equal opportunities to African slaves, it did not have to do anything more for them.

3. Why did Thoreau and other abolitionists praise John Brown?

A. They approved of using violence to change laws.
B. They looked forward eagerly to a war between North and South.
C. They wanted to see as many slavers killed as possible.
D. They admired his long history of helping African Americans and dealing fairly with them.
E. They felt that Brown had taken an appropriate revenge for Congressman Brooks's attack on Senator Sumner.