SAT US History Practice Test 19: The Progressive Era, 1900–1920

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Question 4 questions

Time 3 minutes

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1. The devastation caused by a hurricane and flood in Galveston, Texas, in 1900 led to calls for

A.

(A) the replacement of political machines with more efficient and professional forms of municipal government.
B. federal projects to divert rivers and build levees.
C. people to abandon seaside cities and move to higher elevations.
D. a federal income tax.
E. a religious reawakening to allay fears of divine punishment.

2. The Progressive movement could most accurately be described as a

A. working-class response to low wages and long hours.
B. conservative reaction to immigration.
C. middle-class response to urbanization and industrialization.
D. rural response to falling farm prices and powerful banks.
E. Southern response to the power of Northern politicians.

3. Theodore Roosevelt used his position as president to

A. push for measures to protect the environment.
B. advance a socialist agenda.
C. reform the banking system.
D. convince Americans to join World War I.
E. argue for a strict interpretation of the Constitution.

4. The passage of the Federal Reserve Act was important because it

A. made up for revenue lost by the Underwood Tariff.
B. centralized financial power in one city—New York.
C. allowed the president to set interest rates.
D. created a mechanism to regulate the money supply.
E. nationalized banks in the United States.