New SAT Grammar Rule: Pronoun-Antecedent Clarity

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New SAT Grammar Rule: Pronoun-Antecedent Clarity

This topic of this lesson is called "Pronoun-Antecedent Clarity," and it's the first of three major pronoun-based rules on the tests. Pronoun mastery will be responsible for quite a lot of points on your SAT or ACT Grammar score!

First, let's quickly review what we know about pronouns from Prelesson A: Parts of Speech. Pronouns are the short, "anonymous" words like it, he, them, and I. These words act just like Nouns in many ways. However, they also must follow some important special rules.

Pronouns are useful words for shortening our sentences, avoiding repetition, and not having to say the same names, objects, and places over and over again. Indeed, that is their most valuable asset - pronouns save us time and repetition.

On the other hand, the downside of using pronouns is that they can be vague and confusing. That's why I sometimes call pronouns "anonymous nouns" - they replace specific nouns with more general and vague words like "they" or "it."

For example: "My dog is running around. She is very excited." The specific noun "dog" is replaced by the generic pronoun "she."

Remember: There is a special term - the antecedent - for any noun that is replaced by a pronoun. In the example in the line above, we would refer to the noun "dog" as the antecedent of the pronoun "she."

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