March 2019 SAT Test in Asia Essay Sample
Let there be (less) light
The night has been invaded by the artificial light for several years; in most of the cases, there is a sea of light as people looking out from the window. In the " Let there be (less) light," Eric Betz points out the unexisted link between the crims and streetlight effect and illustrates several defect that artificial light has brought to human and ecosystem. At this point, the author would like to advocate people to use less artificial light during the night. The author effectively conveys his argument through the usage of
Citing various quotation from different sources, the author establish his argument in a credible sense. In the fifth, sixth, and seventh, Betz uses facts that come from various research group to improve the credibility of his viewpoint that there is noconnection between the rate of crimes and "lighting" at all. According to the "health researchers," as the strertlights are "shut off" during "part of the night," there is no change in the quantity of any kind of violence cases. Also, based on a "companion study," most of the citizens are barely able to observe the changing in lighteness or any rising crime rate. Obviously, the author uses facts to enhance the credibility of his arguement. He strongly believes that it is unnecessary to keep the streetlight in order to diminish the criminal rate; also, he cited the study from specific animal to inform people the negative impact that LEDs have on the ecosystem. At this point, those who may worry about the crime-light effect would eliminate their concerns, and people who pays a lot of attention to the ecosystem may start to persuade others to reduce the using of artificial light. These three paragraphs served as a refutation against the author's counterargument and helped the author to establish a comprehensive image of the defect of using too much artificial lights.
Moreover, the author utilizes different ways of reasoning to strengthen his viewpoint. In the third paragraph, the author concedes that people are often being taught that a good street illumination can reduce the rate of crime. Also, the idea of "more lights mean less crime" seems as a common sense for people. At this point, the author depicted a comprehensive image of people's conception of the relationship between crime and streetlights; at the same time, Betz would be able to convince the readers on both side of view point by poing out the unexisted link between crime and illumination. Soon after, the author refute the counterargument in the fourth paragraph. According to the author, there is no trustful evidence for people to "believe darker streets" symbolize more crime. Even worse, too much artificial light is harmful to "humans and wildlife." Betz uses an objective language to emphasize the validity of his argument that there is no connection between the crime rate and artificial lights. Under such circumstances, those who may worry about the possible increasing crime rate are able to eliminate their concerns of the possible rising criminal rate and start to use less artificial lighting. / Additionallly, from ninth to eleventh paragraph, the authorgices three reasons to illustrate the importance of reducing artificial light during the night. According to the survey, in order to generate all the "streelight" properly, the "European Union" has spent "about $7 billion" every year, which reveals the truth that such spending is wasteful ans unnecessary at all. Besides the "wasted money," some researcher warns people that increasing "nighttime lighting" will negatively affect the "circadian rhythms of humans and other animals." At this point, it is clear that the influence of artificial light has rised up to the level of health problem，leading to certain terrible diseases such as "cancers, diabetes, and obesity." Therefore, "the American Medical Assn" is strongly encourging people to use less light. The author has created a comprehensive image of the defect of artificial light for the audiences. Such logical reasoning can effectively raise people's attention to the impact of artificial light. In this case, even those negligent people would start to notice such impact and use less light during their nights.
In order to embellish the passage and to make his passage more persuasive and vivid, the author uses figurative language throughout his passage. In the first paragraph, the author employed the technique of imagery to depict a beautiful scene for the readers. According to the author's description, the scene of the mountains seems like "islands in a sea of light", and the city "shines so bright as it block out the stars." By using sensory perception, the author leads the readers to the seemingly actual landscape. At this point, the author helps the readers to better understand the impact of the city's artificial light have on the natural scene, making people to realize the negatice influence of the lighting in the city. This paragraph establish an introduction of the author's further discussion about the artificial lights. Moreover, the author personifies the "streetlights" as the "worst offenders." Through such phrase, the author throws a idea that the streetlight has the most worst effect on our surrounding. According to the author, despite the light from "stadiums," "malls," and "parking lots" are emitted into the sky, the impact of the streetlight is the worst, and such kind of light is actually "offending" the sky. Using such language, the author adds certain interestiness to the passage. At this point, Betz has emphasized the impact of streetlight and ready to extend his discussion of such light effect in the following paragraph. Under such case, the reader might be more curious about his further illustration. In the last paragraph, the author asks the audiences two rhetorical questions that "what happen when people grow up with out stars? Do they lose their connection to the cosmos that our ancestors tracked so carefully, night after night?" Such questions invoke people's thought of result of losing the stars or cosmos. The answers to these questions should be self evident that people might lose the opportunity of appreciating the cosmos and the connection with our ancestor. Such technique effectively enhances the tone of the whole passage and emphasizes the importance of culture heritage connected to nice sky.
Based on the information above, it is clear the author has effectively persuade his readers that it is necessary for people to use less artificial light. He illustrates his argument comprehensively by using the evidences, reasoning, and rhetoric techniques.