SAT Math Multiple Choice Practice Question 602: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 602

16.

In the figure above, what is the length of ?

A. 8
B. 9
C. 12
D. 15
E. 16

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

C The 5 equal lengths that make up the two sides of the largest triangle tell us that we are dealing with 5 similar triangles. The largest triangle has sides 15 : 25 : 30, and the sides of all 5 triangles will have an equivalent ratio. Reduced, the ratio is 3 : 5 : 6, which happens to be the dimensions of the smallest triangle. We want to find the length of BD, the base of a triangle with sides of 6 and 10. This is twice as big as the smallest triangle, so the base BD must be 6 × 2 =12, answer C.

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