SAT Math Multiple Choice Question 396: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 396

6. A botanist collects and models some data and is able to determine that the number of germinated seeds of a certain plant is linearly correlated to the amount of rainfall during the previous month, according to the equation s = 28.5r + 83. In this equation, s is the number of seeds germinated, and r is the amount of rainfall in inches. In a certain geographic region that the botanist is studying, 197 seeds germinated. Approximately how many inches of rainfall did that area receive during the previous month?

  • A. 3.1
  • B. 4
  • C. 7
  • D. 9.8

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

B

Difficulty: Easy

Category: Heart of Algebra / Linear Equations

Strategic Advice: Don't let all the science confuse you. The way in which the variables are defined tells you exactly what to do.

Getting to the Answer: All you need to do is substitute 197 (number of seeds) for s and solve for r (rainfall) using inverse operations.

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