SAT Math Multiple Choice Question 591: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 591

6.

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service classifies animals whose populations are at low levels as either threatened or endangered. Endangered species are animals that are currently on the brink of extinction, whereas threatened species have a high probability of being on the brink in the near future. Since 1990, the Northern Spotted Owl has been listed as threatened. The figure above shows the populations of the Northern Spotted Owl in a certain region in Oregon from 1994 to 2014. Based on the line of best fit shown in the figure, which of the following values most accurately reflects the average change per year in the number of Northern Spotted Owls?

  • A. –25
  • B. –0.04
  • C. 0.04
  • D. 25

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

A

Difficulty: Medium

Category: Problem Solving and Data Analysis / Scatterplots

Strategic Advice: Examine the graph, paying careful attention to units and labels. Here, the years increase by 2 for each grid line and the number of owls by 25.

Getting to the Answer: The average change per year is the same as the slope of the line of best fit. Find the slope of the line of best fit using the slope formula, , and any two points that lie on (or very close to) the line. Using the two endpoints of the data, (1994, 1,200) and (2014, 700), the average change per year is . Pay careful attention to the sign of the answer—the number of owls is decreasing, so the rate of change is negative.

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