New SAT Reading Practice Test 16: Palma Political Speech - Women’s suffrage in the Philippines

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Question 10 questions

Time 14 minutes

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This passage is adapted from a speech delivered by Rafael Palma of the Philippines on November 22, 1919, as a senator for the country's fourth district. In the passage, Palma discusses the reasons that women should be allowed to vote. Palma's speech was delivered in the context of the first session of the fifth Filipino legislature, which was preparing to vote on the question of female suffrage.

1. In this speech, the role that Palma plays can best be described as that of

  • A. an analyst discussing the advantages of each side of an issue.
  • B. a traditionalist cautioning against the dangers of reform.
  • C. an idealist arguing for a social change.
  • D. a politician rousing support for his party.

2. Based on the information in lines 1-7, it can be inferred that at the time that Palma gave his speech women were

  • A. Palma's primary supporters.
  • B. not allowed to speak before the Filipino legislature.
  • C. not represented by any other Filipino leaders.
  • D. not viewed with sympathy by the members of the Filipino legislature.

3. As used in line 30, "check" most nearly means

  • A. certify.
  • B. inspect.
  • C. advise.
  • D. stop.

4. Based on the information presented in Palma's speech, it can be inferred that some of those who oppose the bill to give women the right to vote

  • A. believe that trying to give women the right to vote would be equivalent to trying to check the sun and moon in their course.
  • B. are prejudiced against the causes of modern men and women and do not support liberal democracy.
  • C. claim that doing so will be damaging to home life and may disrupt long-established traditions.
  • D. assert that any sudden changes to the country's civic institutions might permanently paralyze the country.

5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 25-29 ("Female suffrage…common")
  • B. Lines 46-51 ("As was to…years")
  • C. Lines 64-67 ("It has seen…liberty")
  • D. Lines 79-88 ("In view…society")

6. The principal rhetorical effect of the phrase "paralyzation, retrogression, disorganization, or destruction" in lines 57-58 is to

  • A. highlight with increasing force how changes in ideals and institutions can damage a society.
  • B. emphasize the number of ways in which past changes have not negatively affected the Philippines.
  • C. show that the Philippines became disabled, after which it reversed its social progress, became disorganized, and was nearly destroyed.
  • D. suggest four methods by which the legislature could halt the progress of radical social upheavals.

7. Palma refers to "great social upheavals" in order to

  • A. use an analogy to show that allowing women to vote would not permanently weaken the nation.
  • B. argue that giving women more rights would cause the nation to crumble in less than a generation.
  • C. demonstrate that the theories, beliefs, and codes of ethics of the peoples of the Philippines are unchangeable.
  • D. contrast the old institutions of the country, which upheld liberal democracy, with the new institutions, which support more radical ideas.

8. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 7-12 ("The cause…strong")
  • B. Lines 40-46 ("It is an…cost")
  • C. Lines 67-74 ("Despite all…existence")
  • D. Lines 85-88 ("I do not…society")

9. As used in the passage, "marked" in line 81 most nearly means

  • A. fixed.
  • B. targeted.
  • C. significant.
  • D. underlined.

10. In the final paragraph of the passage (lines 79-88), Palma's attitude toward those who oppose female suffrage can best be described as

  • A. perplexed and mournful.
  • B. academic and unbiased.
  • C. deferential and hopeful.
  • D. bewildered and dissenting.