New SAT Reading Practice Test 20: FDR Fireside Chat

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Question 10 questions

Time 14 minutes

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This passage is adapted from a "fireside chat" given on May 7, 1933, by Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt gave these addresses to the American public over the new technology of radio. The "chats," as the name implies, were intended as simplified versions and explanations of the challenges facing the country at that time.

1. Roosevelt's primary purpose in this speech is to

  • A. criticize his detractors while drumming up support for his re-election campaign.
  • B. plead for more time to make adjustments to an unsuccessful plan.
  • C. reassure the public about the efficacy and appropriateness of actions the government has taken.
  • D. showcase his own achievements as a leader and ask for greater indulgence.

2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 1-7 ("On a Sunday…confidence")
  • B. Lines 18-24 ("These institutions…1933")
  • C. Lines 34-35 ("I am…country")
  • D. Lines 53-59 ("We are…ago")

3. As used in line 13, "by inches" most nearly means

  • A. with that form of measurement.
  • B. in a gradual way.
  • C. in a short time.
  • D. on its feet.

4. Based on the information in lines 12-20, Roosevelt believes that the "national institutions" are

  • A. criminals who are stealing from those who have invested money in their institutions.
  • B. overly dependent on the value of commodities to run successful businesses.
  • C. devoted to the implementation of economic theories that were unsuccessful.
  • D. struggling in such a way that they do unfortunate things to investors.

5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 8-11 ("Tonight…do")
  • B. Lines 13-24 ("It…1933")
  • C. Lines 28-33 ("Today…assurance")
  • D. Lines 35-42 ("I…high prices")

6. In lines 26-27, what is the most likely reason that Roosevelt refers to a "condition and not a theory"?

  • A. He is issuing a proclamation on new health initiatives within the United States.
  • B. He is suggesting that the problem is concrete rather than abstract.
  • C. He is holding economic theorists responsible for the current economic turmoil.
  • D. He is implying that the current economic crisis cannot be solved.

7. In lines 28-33, Roosevelt makes a distinction between

  • A. politicians and citizens.
  • B. conditions and theories.
  • C. cautious optimism and full-throated support of a recovery
  • D. bankers and farmers.

8. Based on the information in the fourth paragraph (lines 28-52), the economic situation in the United States has improved in all of the following ways EXCEPT

  • A. increased railroad traffic.
  • B. increased industry.
  • C. a second speculative wave.
  • D. improved crop prices.

9. As used in line 41, "providence" most nearly means

  • A. religion.
  • B. luck.
  • C. prayer.
  • D. industry.

10. Which of the following gives accurate information based on the graph?

  • A. Roosevelt's purpose was accomplished in 2008 when the unemployment rate hit an all-time low of 6.1%.
  • B. Government control of farming, industry, and transportation resulted in a steady decrease in unemployment through the 1940s.
  • C. The partnership between government and farming brought an end to unemployment in 1943.
  • D. Roosevelt was addressing Americans at a time when unemployment was higher than it would be for the next 70 years.