New SAT Reading Practice Test 76: Philosophy of Education

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Two passages from 2015 written about the Philosophy of Education

PASSAGE 1

Teachers have one true job: to inspire. Educate comes from the Latin word educare
meaning "bring out and lead forth;" therefore, it is the duty of the teacher to open
the minds of students and to guide them into new places. It is not nearly as important
to divulge knowledge as it is to stimulate a desire and love for the thing itself. Teaching,
05when done properly, allows a second chance for students to contemplate those
values and beliefs that have been imparted to them. In venturing to these new
places, teachers have the opportunity to unleash active and independent-thinking
humans.
Consider the average student, constantly told what to believe and how to act—a
10robotic imitator of cultural values and societal standards. Yet, the teacher has the
power to make all the difference. The teacher is the opener of the dormant mind,
the bringer of the epiphany, the supplier of the moment of change. A classroom that
fails to challenge a student's fundamental principles and create a hunger for lifetime
learning fails altogether. Whether teaching the humanities or the sciences, the educator
15is the one who lays out a puzzle and pilots instances of profound, sublime enlightenment.
A student lucky enough to study under a true teacher is never satisfied, but
instead is relentlessly looking for answers.
It is through inspiration that a teacher teaches a student to think. Educating is
not the business of memorization but the business of inquiry. The student-teacher
20dichotomy is one of reciprocated wonderment with each party undergoing continuous
improvement. And an effective instructor is merely the one responsible for that
curiosity in the minds of his or her students. It was Robert Frost who said, "I am not a
teacher, but an awakener."

PASSAGE 2

I became a teacher because it was the noblest profession I could think of. Get this:
25I impart knowledge. I am responsible for instilling the foundation in the next generation
of professionals and leaders. It all sounds very romantic, but the job comes down
to an ability to simplify and explain those concepts that make up the core curriculum.
If I cannot communicate clearly with my students, if I cannot come to their level and
make the instruction relevant and accessible, then I fail.
30In the words of Ralph Waldo Emerson: "The man who can make hard things easy
is the educator." And that is my job. My philosophy relies on giving your children the
best possible start. I am the opener of doors. I believe in providing an optimal learning
environment to attack the core subjects rigorously, allowing each student to walk out
feeling confident and prepared, whether it be for graduation tests, college-entrance
35exams, or the job market. So my skill is just this: I bridge the gap between student and
textbook.
As a compassionate and passionate educator, I know the competition your child
faces. I am interested in breaking down the barriers that intimidate students and
providing the path that will get them better college offers, better careers, and most significantly,
40a better quality of life. To do this, I adopt a perspective of peak preparation
at all costs. My classroom is responsible for instilling the concepts and skills that will
be tested and evaluated, and it is a responsibility that I do not take lightly. It is these
standards and basics—which every student of mine will come to know and understand—
that often determine a student's future success. Because I take my position as
45educator so seriously, you can trust me to have your child ready for the next step.

Valued Skill Sets

1. As used in lines 6-7, the phrase "venturing to these new places" most closely means

  • A. traveling to a new location.
  • B. investing in a new business.
  • C. introducing new ideas.
  • D. questioning one's past choices.

2. Based on lines 16-17 ("A student . . . answers"), a teacher is most responsible for imparting which virtue to his or her students?

  • A. Knowledge
  • B. Truth
  • C. Diligence
  • D. Curiosity

3. The author of passage 2 would most likely be interested in the survey responses, as portrayed in the graph, of

  • A. just the college professors.
  • B. just the employers.
  • C. the college professors and employers equally.
  • D. neither the college professors nor the employers.

4. Which option gives the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 24-26 ("Get this . . . leaders")
  • B. Lines 32-35 ("I believe . . . market")
  • C. Lines 41-42 ("My classroom . . . lightly")
  • D. Lines 42-44 ("It is . . . success")

5. As used in line 26, the word "romantic" most closely means

  • A. idealistic.
  • B. passionate.
  • C. loving.
  • D. emotional.

6. Lines 37-41 most strongly imply that the author of Passage 2 places a premium on

  • A. physical exertion.
  • B. intellectual contemplation.
  • C. rigorous expectations.
  • D. logical reasoning.

7. Based on the information in the graph, which skill sets are considered to be more important to success in college than in the workforce?

  • A. Communication/interpersonal and field/technical
  • B. Leadership/decision making and knowledge/technical
  • C. Field/technical and leadership/decision making
  • D. Creativity/generative and knowledge/conceptual

8. The relationship between the two passages is best described as

  • A. Passage 1 is more reasonable and Passage 2 is more emotional.
  • B. Passage 1 is more humble and Passage 2 is more arrogant.
  • C. Passage 1 is more dreamy and Passage 2 is more contemplative.
  • D. Passage 1 is more lofty and Passage 2 is more practical.

9. The intended audiences of Passage 1 and Passage 2, respectively, are most likely

  • A. global and cosmopolitan.
  • B. broad and focused.
  • C. specialized and scholarly.
  • D. narrow and wide.

10. How would the author of Passage 1 most likely respond to the statement in lines 42-44 ("It is . . . success")?

  • A. With disgust
  • B. With concern
  • C. With ambivalence
  • D. With appreciation

11. Which option gives the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 1-2 ("Educate . . . forth")
  • B. Lines 6-8 ("In venturing . . . humans")
  • C. Lines 12-14 ("A classroom . . . altogether")
  • D. Lines 16-17 ("A student . . . answers")