New SAT Reading Practice Test 90: What's Not to "Like"?

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What's Not to "Like"?

Eliza Jennings is excited to be a part of her
company's first ever community event.
Come get your face painted and try Zing—
the new eight-hour energy shot! #zing
05#LawrenceCoFieldDay #lovemyjob

Tom Willis has a position open for administrative
secretary—2 years of experience
preferred. Message with any inquiries.

Sherry Swanson needs help with the new
10software program. Alert: Technophobia! Can
anybody explain?

If the eruption of smart phones has been
the vanguard of anything, it is the near
societal takeover of social media. Within the
15workplace, most supervisors quickly block
sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram
from company computers, and for good reason.
Productivity is likely to decrease if three
hours of an eight-hour workday are spent
20"liking" and "tweeting" and "pinning." Then
there is company bad-mouthing to consider.
In the digital age, nothing one says or does
or records online is private—nothing. It takes
only a few incidents to realize that a social
25media page is not the best place to post one's
aggravation with company policies, to share
confidential business plans, or to announce
one's forthcoming resignation. And with
even the most responsible staff, there is the
30heightened possibility of viruses or hacking.
Simply put, many employers decide the cons
outweigh the pros.
Many of these same administrative boards
agree that social media outside of work is
35just as harmful and make addendums to
employee contracts outlawing all mention
of work and/or colleagues via online social
outlets. Other jobs go farther, demanding
that one's social media personalities align
40with the corporate values maintained in the
workplace. One may face disciplinary action
and even termination if a page appears indecent
or offensive. Still, when bringing in new
hires, employers violate their own embargo
45and check out prospective employees' pages,
quickly disqualifying applicants who may
not seem to fit the company culture. Social
media has certainly altered today's workforce,
and many would argue that the change
50hasn't been for the best.
Yet, the examples above paint another
picture—one where the workforce is actually
improved by the open communication, wider
network, free advertising, and increased
55accessibility of social media. In fact, there are
many reasons why an employer should hesitate
to ban all social networking. For some,
the unique ability of social media to market
company services and extend company reputation
60is indispensable. Many startup businesses
find that they simply cannot compete
without a social media page to deliver their
mission and broaden their contacts. It can
simply be the best tool available for advertising,
65marketing, expansion, and customer
feedback. Likewise, it provides an unrivaled
medium for market research.
Networking expansion isn't the only plus.
While it is possible that social media could
70create discord, it is just as likely to promote
collaboration and solidarity within company
culture. Never before has it been as
easy for colleagues to link up, interact, and
initiate friendships. The benefits of having
75employees who know one another and
develop respect for one another are endless.
A congenial icebreaker, Facebook and Twitter
pages are known for bringing together former
strangers and allowing acquaintances to realize
80similar interests. A corporate culture that
embraces affinity and breaks down barriers
to allow open and constructive discussion is
in a far better situation than one that doesn't.
Surprisingly, social media has also been
85connected to better company retention.
Some technologically savvy employers have
created company pages where staff can make
announcements, share ideas, discuss problems,
and congratulate one another on excellent
90work. The page becomes a space where
colleagues can support one another, but also
where the company itself can show appreciation.
Feelings of openness, teamwork, and
apt recognition keep good workers happy
95and in their positions longer. More so, some
offices report that employees who use social
media are actually more productive, with
occasional tweets and status updates providing
a much-needed break in an otherwise
100monotonous workday.
Social media in the workplace has gotten
a bad rap; in many ways, it deserves it. But
the role it can play—when embraced appropriately—
in networking, collaboration, and
105retention proves that it isn't as simple as that.
Like any new and rapidly changing technology,
it will take time and adaptability for its
advantages and pitfalls to be clear. The smart
company will find it necessary to consider
110the implications social media presents for its
future—is it really something that can just be
ignored or banned altogether?

Percentages of members of each demographic group who use social networking sites in 2014.

Source: Pew Research Center

1. Which of the following statements best expresses the thesis of the passage?

  • A. Social media has already proven to be one of the most valuable workplace tools.
  • B. Social media should not be disregarded as a potentially valuable tool in the workplace.
  • C. The risks of social media are far too great to allow it in the workplace.
  • D. Employees should be able to decide for themselves how to best use social media while working.

2. Which option gives the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 12-21 ("If the . . . consider")
  • B. Lines 33-43 ("Many . . . offensive")
  • C. Lines 90-100 ("The page . . . workday")
  • D. Lines 101-112 ("Social . . . altogether")

3. The structure of the essay is best described as a/an

  • A. analysis of the pros and cons of an issue.
  • B. argument in favor of a change from the mainstream.
  • C. critique of the latest media research on a topic.
  • D. a series of interesting anecdotes.

4. The most likely purpose of lines 1-11 is to

  • A. introduce the thesis of the essay by giving three major points to be analyzed going forth.
  • B. hook the reader's interest with concrete examples illustrating the applicability of the passage's topic.
  • C. connect to the sentence that follows by providing instances of common smart phone language.
  • D. draw upon the author's personal experiences to connect with similar experiences of the readers.

5. Lines 51-55 ("Yet . . . media") primarily function to

  • A. digress from the theme of the passage.
  • B. challenge the argument that follows.
  • C. explain how certain social media companies came to dominate the marketplace.
  • D. provide a major transition.

6. The passage suggests that what type of business would most likely benefit from utilizing social media?

  • A. A large, expanding business
  • B. A well-established business
  • C. A small, growing business
  • D. A mid-sized, industrial business

7. Which option gives the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A. Lines 23-28 ("It takes . . . resignation")
  • B. Lines 33-41 ("Many of . . . workplace")
  • C. Lines 51-57 ("Yet . . . networking")
  • D. Lines 60-63 ("Many . . . contacts")

8. As used in line 67, the word "medium" most closely means

  • A. best.
  • B. means.
  • C. middle.
  • D. standard.

9. As used in line 90, the word "space" most closely means

  • A. area.
  • B. dimension.
  • C. clearing.
  • D. separation.

10. Based on the information in the table, a randomly selected person with which of the following characteristics would be most likely to use a social network website?

  • A. A 45-year-old man who has an advanced graduate degree.
  • B. A 35-year-old man who has a master's degree in engineering.
  • C. A 25-year-old woman who left college without completing her degree.
  • D. A 15-year-old girl who is a sophomore in high school.

11. What statement, if true, would best connect to the information in the graph to explain what the passage states about startup businesses in lines 60-66 ("Many startup . . . feedback")?

  • A. Those in the age group 18-29 are by far the most likely to be interested in the products of startup businesses.
  • B. As more consumers use social media sites, they develop "ad blindness," tuning out informational appeals that distract from their primary focus.
  • C. Startup businesses typically have more young people as part of their workforce.
  • D. Venture capital investors are interested in reviewing detailed financial statements of startups before making initial investments.