SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 108: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 108

1. Seeking to ------- what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly ------- free expression.

A. govern . . liberate
B. juxtapose . . prescribe
C. defer . . nullify
D. control . . prohibit
E. balance . . promote

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Control" means to regulate. "Prohibit" means to prevent. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Seeking to control what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly prohibit free expression." By regulating what people read and view, censorship laws do in fact prevent free expression.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Govern" means to control. "Liberate" means to free. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Seeking to govern what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly liberate free expression." Although censorship laws do seek to control what people read and view, these laws do not allow people to express themselves freely. In fact, they do the opposite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Juxtapose" means to place side by side. "Prescribe" means to dictate. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Seeking to juxtapose what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly prescribe free expression." Censorship laws do not seek to "juxtapose" two things. Censorship laws also do not "prescribe" free expression. In fact, these laws do just the opposite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Defer" means to put off or postpone. "Nullify" means to negate. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Seeking to defer what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly nullify free expression." Censorship laws do negate free expression and thus prevent people from viewing and reading certain things. However, censorship laws do not put off or postpone people's viewing and reading; they block it altogether.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Balance" means to make equal. "Promote" means to advocate. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Seeking to balance what people view and read by determining what art and literature should be available, censorship laws directly promote free expression." Censorship laws do not "balance" the type of art and literature that people view and read. Also, these laws do not advocate free expression. Instead, they discourage and prevent it.

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