SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 11: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 11

11. Only if business continues to expand can it ------- enough new jobs to make up for those that will be ------- by automation.

A. produce . . required
B. invent . . introduced
C. create . . eliminated
D. repeal . . reduced
E. formulate . . engendered

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Create" means to produce. "Eliminated" means done away with. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Only if business continues to expand can it create enough new jobs to make up for those that will be eliminated by automation." The phrase "make up for" indicates that the action expressed by the first missing term must counter the effect of the action described by the second term. This sentence makes sense because producing new jobs would counter the effect of doing away with jobs.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Produce" means to make. "Required" means necessary or needed. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Only if business continues to expand can it produce enough new jobs to make up for those that will be required by automation." "Automation" refers to the replacement of humans with machines. This practice actually leads to fewer jobs, but the term "required" implies the opposite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Invent" means to create. "Introduced" means brought about or brought together. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Only if business continues to expand can it invent enough new jobs to make up for those that will be introduced by automation." "Automation" refers to the replacement of humans with machines or devices, so it is illogical to imply that automation will "introduce" jobs instead of getting rid of them.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Repeal" means to revoke or take back. "Reduced" means decreased. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Only if business continues to expand can it repeal enough new jobs to make up for those that will be reduced by automation." It is illogical to claim that a business that "repeals," or takes back, jobs will "make up for" the jobs that have already been "reduced by automation."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Formulate" means create or invent. "Engendered" means produced. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Only if business continues to expand can it formulate enough new jobs to make up for those that will be engendered by automation." The phrase "make up for" indicates that the action expressed by the first missing term must counter the effect of the action described by the second term. The terms "formulate" and "engendered" both refer to the creation of jobs, however.

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