SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 111: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 111

4. The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without -------, it is already producing ------- changes.

A. warning . . specious
B. fanfare . . momentous
C. concealment . . transient
D. hesitation . . ostensible
E. debate . . negligible

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Fanfare" means showy display. "Momentous" means of the highest importance. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without fanfare, it is already producing momentous changes." The correct answer builds on the idea that the policy is a "quiet revolution"-- something that, though understated, has a great effect. A policy that lacks showy display but produces important changes could definitely be called a quiet revolution.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. A "warning" is an alert. "Specious" means having a false appearance. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without warning, it is already producing specious changes." A policy that is introduced without a prior alert may or may not be called a quiet revolution. However, "specious changes," or apparent changes that are actually not changes at all, would not be part of a "quiet revolution."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Concealment" means secrecy. "Transient" means remaining in place for only a brief time. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without concealment, it is already producing transient changes." The correct answer builds on the idea that the policy is a quiet revolution, or something that, though understated or restrained, has a great effect. A policy that is introduced without secrecy would probably not be called quiet. Moreover, it does not make sense to refer to changes as "transient."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Hesitation" means a pause due to uncertainty. "Ostensible" means seeming to be real. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without hesitation, it is already producing ostensible changes." While a revolutionary policy might be introduced without "hesitation," one would not describe the changes produced by such a policy as only seeming to be real.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. A "debate" is a discussion between two opposing sides. "Negligible" means extremely unimportant. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The new policy has been called a quiet revolution because, though introduced without debate, it is already producing negligible changes." The changes produced by a policy called a quiet revolution would not be unimportant.

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