SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 115: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 115

8. During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an archi-tectural -------, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building.

A. intransigence
B. plenitude
C. desecration
D. stagnation
E. renaissance

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Renaissance" means a rebirth or revival. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an architectural renaissance, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." An "architectural renaissance" describes a period of renewed excitement in the field of architecture, and properly describes the result of a dramatic increase in new artistic construction.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Intransigence" means being uncompromising or stubborn. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an architectural intransigence, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." It is unlikely that "intransigence" would be the result of an increase in architectural innovation; innovation is in some ways the opposite of stubbornness.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. A "plenitude" means an abundance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an architectural plenitude, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." An abundance of architecture would be the result of an increase in construction. But this would not account for the "innovative and artistic" quality of the architecture.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. A "desecration" means an outrageous mistreatment of something-the vandalizing of a sacred building, for instance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an architectural desecration, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." Desecration would not benefit a city.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Stagnation" means a lack of movement or development. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990's, Shanghai benefited from an architectural stagnation, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." Stagnation is the exact opposite of a dramatic increase in innovation.

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