SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 121: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 121

14. The ------- experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are ------- in a tidy summary.

A. varied . . interposed
B. diverse . . condensed
C. profound . . magnified
D. transformative . . embellished
E. impressive . . immersed

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Diverse" means composed of different elements, and "condensed" means made compact. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The diverse experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are condensed in a tidy summary." Experiences combining different elements cannot be easily compacted in a tidy summary.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Varied" means mixed, and "interposed" means inserted. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The varied experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are interposed in a tidy summary." While varied experiences may, with difficulty, be summarized, it does not make sense to speak of experiences being inserted into a summary. That would suggest that the summary of experiences already exists.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Profound" means deep. "Magnified" means enlarged. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The profound experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are magnified in a tidy summary." While deeply meaningful experiences may be summarized, a summary is by definition a brief version of something. It makes no sense to say that something could be enlarged in a summary.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Transformative" means causing a change. "Embellished" means enhanced. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The transformative experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are embellished in a tidy summary." A summary presents main points in a general way; it does not "embellish," or enhance, those points.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Impressive" means inspiring awe or admiration, and "immersed" means submerged. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The impressive experiences of Madonna Swan, the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year, cannot be fully appreciated if they are immersed in a tidy summary." Although impressive experiences might be mentioned in a summary, it would be strange to describe such experiences as being submerged.

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