SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 131: Answer and Explanation

Next steps

Question: 131

8. In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since ------- to more than 2,000.

A. dispersed
B. mediated
C. attenuated
D. burgeoned
E. reconciled

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "To burgeon" means to grow and flourish. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since burgeoned to more than 2,000." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2,000, the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." "Burgeoned" and "increased" are similar in meaning.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "To disperse" means to spread out. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since dispersed to more than 2,000." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2,000, the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." However, "dispersed" and "increased" are not similar in meaning.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "To mediate" means to settle a dispute between conflicting parties. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since mediated to more than 2,000." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2,000, the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." However, "mediated" and "increased" are not similar in meaning. Mediation does not describe the bison's increase in population.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "To attenuate" means to lessen in amount or force. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since attenuated to more than 2,000." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2,000, the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." However, "attenuated" and "increased" are not similar in meaning. What happened to the bison population is the opposite of attenuate.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "To reconcile" means to adapt or make peace. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison, but the population has since reconciled to more than 2,000." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2,000, the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." However, "reconciled" and "increased" are not similar in meaning.

Previous       Next