SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 133: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 133

10. The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently ------- to ------ the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting.

A. flimsy . . forestall
B. hardy . . forecast
C. robust . . withstand
D. noteworthy . . justify
E. ramshackle . . repel

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Robust" means sturdy or strongly constructed. "To withstand" means to resist the effect of something. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently robust to withstand the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting." It is reasonable to suggest that the architect advised that the old structure be torn down because he did not think it was "robust," or sturdy, enough to "withstand," or resist the effect of, the heavy winds. A structure that is not strongly constructed would likely be damaged or destroyed during a tropical storm.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Flimsy" means lacking in physical strength or substance. "To forestall" means to prevent by taking precautionary measures. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently flimsy to forestall the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting." It is illogical to suggest that a structure, especially a "flimsy" one, could "forestall," or prevent, the heavy winds of a tropical storm.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Hardy" means capable of withstanding adverse conditions. "To forecast" means to calculate or predict something in advance. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently hardy to forecast the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting." It is illogical to suggest that a structure could "forecast," or predict, the heavy winds of a tropical storm.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Noteworthy" means deserving notice or attention. "To justify" means to prove to be right or reasonable. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently noteworthy to justify the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting." An old structure might be "noteworthy," or deserving of attention, but it is illogical to suggest that a structure could "justify," or prove reasonable, the heavy winds of a tropical storm.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Ramshackle" means carelessly or loosely constructed. "To repel" means to drive back or to resist something. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The architect advised tearing down the old structure, since he did not consider it sufficiently ramshackle to repel the heavy winds of the tropical storm the peninsula was expecting." It is illogical to suggest that a structure could be "sufficiently ramshackle" to "repel," or drive back, the heavy winds of the tropical storm. A carelessly constructed structure would be more likely to be damaged by the winds than to repel the winds.

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