SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 138: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 138

15. Once he had ------- sufficient ------- information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician.

A. written . . substantial
B. believed . . sensational
C. obtained . . corroborating
D. reported . . hackneyed
E. discovered . . contradicting

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "To obtain" means to gather or to gain. "Corroborating" means supporting or confirming with evidence. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Once he had obtained sufficient corroborating information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician." If Randall wrote an article that would incriminate, or expose the crimes or fault of, the local politician, he would need evidence to support his claims. Obtaining, or gathering, "corroborating" information would most likely make Randall feel confident in publishing his article.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "To write" means to compose a written work. "Substantial" means important and essential. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Once he had written sufficient substantial information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician." The first term makes sense in this context, but the second term does not. Although Randall would most likely include important information in his article, information that is "substantial" would not necessarily incriminate, or expose the crimes or fault of, the local politician.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "To believe" means to accept as true or real. "Sensational" means arousing strong interest or curiosity. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Once he had believed sufficient sensational information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician." While it is likely that Randall would believe that the information in his article was true, it does not make sense to say that Randall would have to believe a "sufficient" amount of "sensational" information before he could feel confident about publishing his article.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "To report" means to give an account. "Hackneyed" means overly familiar and not original. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Once he had reported sufficient hackneyed information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician." While the first term makes sense in this context, the second does not. If Randall reported "hackneyed," or overly familiar, information, it is unlikely that his article would be daring.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "To discover" means to find or obtain knowledge of something. "Contradicting" means opposing or implying the opposite of something. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Once he had discovered sufficient contradicting information, Randall felt confident in publishing his daring article incriminating the local politician." It is not clear what the information Randall had "discovered" was "contradicting." If he had found pieces of information that contradict each other, it is unlikely that Randall would feel confident in publishing his article.

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