SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 140: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 140

1. Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently ------- , the press secretary would not ------- the details of the senator's upcoming public address.

A. imbued . . rescind
B. connected . . consort
C. entangled . . repeal
D. embroiled . . divulge
E. compliant . . quash

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Embroiled" means involved in a difficulty or conflict. "To divulge" means to reveal or make public. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently embroiled, the press secretary would not divulge the details of the senator's upcoming public address." The use of "despite" implies that the reporters were applying pressure in order to get the press secretary to give them details about the senator's upcoming speech; in spite of this pressure, however, the press secretary refuses to make public the contents of this speech so that the reporters, interested in news about the scandal, do not know what to expect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Imbued" means inspired, influenced thoroughly, or pervaded. "To rescind" means to remove or take back. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently imbued, the press secretary would not rescind the details of the senator's upcoming public address." Neither term makes sense in this context. Even if the senator had been influenced by the scandal or it had pervaded his life, it would not make sense to say he was "imbued" in it. It is also illogical to say that the press secretary refused to take back information that has not yet been given out.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Connected" means linked. "To consort" means to unite or associate. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently connected, the press secretary would not consort the details of the senator's upcoming public address." While the senator certainly could be linked to a scandal, it does not make sense to say that the secretary would not "consort," or associate with, the details.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Entangled" means involved, usually in a perplexing or troublesome situation. "To repeal" means to revoke or rescind by an authoritative act. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently entangled, the press secretary would not repeal the details of the senator's upcoming public address." The first term makes sense here: the senator could certain be involved in a troublesome way in a scandal. But it makes little sense to say that the secretary refused to "repeal," or revoke, information that has not yet been given out.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Compliant" means submissive or willing to comply. "To quash" means to suppress or extinguish. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite pressure from reporters to discuss the scandal in which Senator Scottsdale was currently compliant, the press secretary would not quash the details of the senator's upcoming public address." It is unlikely that a senator would be submissive to or willing to comply with a scandal. Additionally, it makes little sense to say that the secretary refused to "quash," or suppress, information that has not yet been given out.

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