SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 148: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 148

9. Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would ------- her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it.

A. condone
B. foster
C. quicken
D. exalt
E. hamper

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "To hamper" means to restrict. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would hamper her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it." The phrase "rather than" indicates that the missing term will contrast with the term "advance." Something that hampers, or restricts, the student's progress cannot also be said to advance it.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "To condone" means to forgive or overlook a behavior. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would condone her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it." The phrase "rather than" suggests that the meaning of the missing term will contrast with the term "advance." There is no inherent contrast between condoning and advancing the student's academic progress. Additionally, it is illogical to suggest that discipline could "condone," or excuse, a student's progress.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "To foster" means to encourage or nurture. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would foster her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it." The phrase "rather than" indicates that the missing term will contrast with the term "advance." There is no contrast between fostering and advancing the student's academic progress. The terms "foster" and "advance" both refer to helping the student to continue making progress.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "To quicken" means to accelerate or make faster. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would quicken her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it." The phrase "rather than" indicates that the missing term will contrast with the term "advance." There is no contrast between quickening and advancing the student's academic progress. The terms "quicken" and "advance" both refer to helping the student to continue making progress.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "To exalt" means to enhance or raise. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Mrs. Rodriguez was under the impression that discipline would exalt her wayward student's academic progress rather than advance it." The phrase "rather than" indicates that the missing term will contrast with the term "advance." There is no inherent contrast between exalting and advancing the student's academic progress. The terms "exalt" and "advance" can both be said to refer to helping the student make progress.

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