SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 152: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 152

13. The garden that had remained ------- for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers.

A. redolent
B. dormant
C. exuberant
D. compliant
E. trenchant

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Dormant" means inactive or not growing. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The garden that had remained dormant for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers." A "dormant," or inactive, garden would become active as its perennial flowers began to grow.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Redolent" means aromatic or fragrant. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The garden that had remained redolent for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers." A garden in full bloom can be "redolent," but the phrase "now pleasantly enlivened" suggests that the garden was inactive before the flowers began to grow. An inactive garden is most likely not fragrant.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Exuberant" means plentiful or producing in abundance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The garden that had remained exuberant for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers." The phrase "now pleasantly enlivened" suggests that the garden was inactive before the flowers began to grow. An inactive garden would most likely not be described as "exuberant," or plentiful.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Compliant" means willing to conform. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The garden that had remained compliant for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers." It is illogical to suggest that a garden could be "compliant," or willing to conform.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Trenchant" means keen or sharply perceptive. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The garden that had remained trenchant for months was now pleasantly enlivened by the budding shoots of its perennial flowers." It is illogical to suggest that a garden could be "trenchant," or sharply perceptive.

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