SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 175: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 175

3. A model of ------- behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess.

A. temperate
B. laconic
C. duplicitous
D. aesthetic
E. voluble

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Temperate" in this context refers to moderation in the indulgence of appetite. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "A model of temperate behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess." The comma indicates that the second half of the sentence will illustrate Cunningham's behavior. Someone who never consumes too much does indeed exhibit "temperate behavior."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. Someone who is "laconic" speaks using a minimum of words. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "A model of laconic behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess." A tendency for reserved speech has nothing to do with a moderate appetite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Duplicitous" behavior is marked by deceptiveness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "A model of duplicitous behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess." Deceptiveness is not necessarily related to eating and drinking habits.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Aesthetic" means appreciative of beauty. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "A model of aesthetic behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess." One's appreciation of beauty does not necessarily affect one's appetite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. Someone who is "voluble" is marked by a ready flow of speech. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "A model of voluble behavior, Cunningham never ate or drank to excess." It is illogical to claim that a talkative person always eats and drinks in moderation.

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