SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 176: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 176

4. The entrepreneur had a well-deserved reputation for -------, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders.

A. prescience
B. sincerity
C. avarice
D. complicity
E. mendacity

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Prescience" means foresight. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The entrepeneur had a well-deserved reputation for prescience, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders." The part of the sentence following the comma describes the missing term. It is logical for a person who can frequently predict "unforeseen" events to develop a reputation for "prescience."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Sincerity" means genuineness and honesty. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The entrepeneur had a welldeserved reputation for sincerity, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders." Sincerity is not linked to one's ability to anticipate changes.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Avarice" means greed. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The entrepeneur had a well-deserved reputation for avarice, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders." The entrepreneur may be a greedy person, but this sentence describes a different trait.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Complicity" refers to a person's participation in a questionable act or a crime. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The entrepeneur had a well-deserved reputation for complicity, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders." This sentence offers no evidence that the entrepreneur has a reputation for conniving behavior

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Mendacity" means untruthfulness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The entrepeneur had a well-deserved reputation for mendacity, having accurately anticipated many changes unforeseen by established business leaders." The description in the second half of this sentence does not support the claim that the entrepreneur was dishonest.

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