SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 180: Answer and Explanation

Next steps

Question: 180

8. In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a ------- part of their daily diets.

A. pivotal
B. ritualistic
C. salient
D. supplementary
E. solemn

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Supplementary" means something added or in addition to. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a supplementary part of their daily diets." The phrase "rather than" indicates that the blanked word will mean the opposite of the word "central." In this context, "supplementary" does indeed have the opposite meaning of "central."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Pivotal" means being of vital or significant importance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a pivotal part of their daily diets." "Pivotal" and "central" are synonymous, thus it makes little sense to claim that people use rice as a central rather than a "pivotal" part of their diet.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Ritualistic" means advocating or practicing ritual. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a ritualistic part of their daily diets." A "ritualistic," or ceremonial, use of rice does not necessarily mean that the rice is not a "central" part of the diet.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Salient" means prominent. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a salient part of their daily diets." A "salient" part of a diet would be an important part. It is illogical to contrast the use of rice as a "central" part of the diet with the use of rice as an important part of the diet.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Solemn" means somberly or gravely impressive. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In many parts of the world, people use rice as a central rather than a solemn part of their daily diets." It makes little sense to describe rice as a "solemn," or somber, part of a diet.

Previous       Next