SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 201: Answer and Explanation

Next steps

Question: 201

12. To reflect the ------ of nation's spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects.

A. articulation
B. intonation
C. spontaneity
D. profundity
E. heterogeneity

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Heterogeneity" means formed of unlike parts. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "To reflect the heterogeneity of that nation’s spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects." A mixture of dialects is a group of dialects that are not alike, and such a mixture is properly referred to as hetereogeneous, or reflecting "heterogeneity."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Articulation" means the way speech sounds are formed. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "To reflect the articulation of that nation’s spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects." The idea of articulation is much narrower than that of dialects. Dialects are characterized not only by differences in the production of speech sounds but also by distinctive words, phrases, and other features.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Intonation" means the variations in pitch in a sample of speech. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "To reflect the intonation of that nation’s spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects." The idea of intonation is much more restricted than that of dialects. "Intonation" is just one of the many features that help to define a dialect of a language.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Spontaneity" means the tendency to act on natural feelings or impulses. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "To reflect the spontaneity of that nation’s spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects." Using a mixture of dialects in written texts would hardly guarantee that the "spontaneity" of a nation's spoken languages would be reflected, and it is not clear that spoken languages can be properly referred to as spontaneous. Individuals sometimes speak as dictated by their feelings at a given moment, but "spontaneity" is rarely considered a characteristic of their dialect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Profundity" means depth. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "To reflect the profundity of that nation’s spoken languages, its writers often make use of a mixture of dialects." Spoken languages are neither deep nor shallow. Sometimes certain thoughts that individuals express are said to be profound, but such "profundity" is not a characterisitic of their dialect.

Previous       Next