SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 233: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 233

14. Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by -----, exchanging goods

A. credit
B. loan
C. faith
D. patronage
E. barter

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Barter" means the direct exchange of goods without the use of money. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by barter, exchanging goods for goods." The final phrase in the sentence explains or defines the missing term. "Barter" is defined perfectly by the phrase "exchanging goods for goods."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Credit" means the exchange of money or goods for the promise of repayment at a later time. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by credit, exchanging goods for goods." The final phrase in the sentence explains or defines the missing term. "Credit" is not the exchange of goods for goods.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Loan" means the exchange of money for the promise of repayment at a later time. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by loan, exchanging goods for goods." The final phrase in the sentence explains or defines the missing term. A loan is not the exchange of "goods for goods."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Faith" means complete trust. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by faith, exchanging goods for goods." The final phrase in the sentence explains or defines the missing term. When goods are exchanged directly for goods, there is little need for faith or trust, as the goods can be carefully examined before the trade is made.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Patronage" in this context means political favors. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Commerce on the remote island was conducted exclusively by patronage, exchanging goods for goods." The final phrase in the sentence explains or defines the missing term. "Patronage" is the exchange of goods for political favors or protection, not the exchange of goods for goods.

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