SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 234: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 234

15. The existence of the environmental contamination is no longer a point of ------; government, industry and public agree that it is a serious problem.

A. concern
B. cooperation
C. urgency
D. relevance
E. dispute

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Dispute" means disagreement. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The existence of environmental contamination is no longer a point of dispute; government, industry, and the public agree that it is a serious problem." If those three major groups of people agree that environmental contamination is a serious problem, it is reasonable to consider it an issue that is no longer in dispute.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Concern" means worry. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The existence of environmental contamination is no longer a point of concern; government, industry, and the public agree that it is a serious problem." If something is considered a serious problem by large and important groups of people, that issue would most likely cause serious worry or concern, rather than not being "a point of concern."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Cooperation" means working together. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The existence of environmental contamination is no longer a point of cooperation; government, industry, and the public agree that it is a serious problem." Inserting "cooperation" into the sentence does not create a statement that makes good sense. The second part of the sentence, after the semicolon, says that environmental contamination is an issue about which several groups now agree. If those groups now agree about it, then the groups are in some sense cooperating with respect to it, in direct contradiction to the first part of the sentence.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Urgency" means a situation requiring immediate action. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The existence of environmental contamination is no longer a point of urgency; government, industry, and the public agree that it is a serious problem." If major groups agree that something is a serious problem, it does not make sense to say that it is no longer a point of urgency because most serious problems do require immediate action or else they just get worse.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Relevance" means relating to the matter in hand. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The existence of environmental contamination is no longer a point of relevance; government, industry, and the public agree that it is a serious problem." Issues that such major and all-encompassing groups of people consider to be serious problems are typically quite relevant issues.

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