SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 235: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 235

1. In rock climbing, survival depends as much on -------, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength.

A. autonomy
B. incoherence
C. intuition
D. sophistry
E. receptivity

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Intuition" means immediate knowledge of something without conscious reasoning. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In rock climbing, survival depends as much on intuition, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength." The placement of the phrase "the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning" in the sentence leads the reader to expect that the phrase provides a definition or an explanation of the term that precedes it. Knowing something without the conscious use of reason is, in fact, a good definition of the word "intuition."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Autonomy" means directing or governing one's own actions. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In rock climbing, survival depends as much on autonomy, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength." The placement of the phrase "the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning" in the sentence leads the reader to expect that the phrase provides a definition or an explanation of the term that precedes it. This phrase does not define the term "autonomy."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Incoherence" means a state or situation of not holding together. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In rock climbing, survival depends as much on incoherence, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength." The placement of the phrase "the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning" in the sentence leads the reader to expect that the phrase provides a definition or an explanation of the term that precedes it. This phrase does not define the term "incoherence."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Sophistry" means misleading but clever reasoning. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In rock climbing, survival depends as much on sophistry, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength." The placement of the phrase "the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning" in the sentence leads the reader to expect that the phrase provides a definition or an explanation of the term that precedes it. This phrase does not define the term "sophistry."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Receptivity" means a willingness to accept or receive something. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "In rock climbing, survival depends as much on receptivity, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength." The placement of the phrase "the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning" in the sentence leads the reader to expect that the phrase provides a definition or an explanation of the term that precedes it. This phrase does not define the term "receptivity."

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