SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 245: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 245

11. Following the decree banning ------ acts, suspected ------- could be forcibly detained without the filing of the formal charges.

A. Rebellious… conformists
B. Apolitical… loyalists
C. Seditious… insurrectionists
D. Subversive… nonpartisans
E. Supportive… opponents

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Seditious" means tending to incite rebellion against the authority of the state, and "insurrectionists" means people who revolt against civil authority. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Following the decree banning seditious acts, suspected insurrectionists could be forcibly detained without the filing of formal charges." Insurrectionists are by definition those who incite rebellion against the authority of the state, so it makes sense that people suspected of being insurrectionists would be affected by a new law banning acts that incite others to rebellion.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Rebellious" means resisting control, and "conformists" means people who follow current practices. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Following the decree banning rebellious acts, suspected conformists could be forcibly detained without the filing of formal charges." People who follow current practices tend also to obey laws; in particular, they rarely rebel against authority. Thus a law banning rebellious acts would most likely have little effect on conformists.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Apolitical" in this context means unrelated to politics, and "loyalists" means people who respect the authority of a government in power. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Following the decree banning apolitical acts, suspected loyalists could be forcibly detained without the filing of formal charges." It would be unusual for a government to create a law banning acts unrelated to politics, and loyalists are not apolitical; also, loyalists are the least likely of all people to be detained by a government with the power to make decrees.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Subversive" means intending to overthrow a government, and "nonpartisans" means people who do not take sides in a political dispute. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Following the decree banning subversive acts, suspected nonpartisans could be forcibly detained without the filing of formal charges." A law regarding acts that could overthrow a government would most likely not affect people who do not take sides in political controversies.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Supportive" means providing needed help, and "opponents" means people who are on the opposite side in a dispute. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Following the decree banning supportive acts, suspected opponents could be forcibly detained without the filing of formal charges." Governments have no reason to pass laws against supportive acts, and even if such laws were enacted they would have little or no effect on opponents of the government.

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