SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 257: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 257

8. Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an ------ advocate, steadfast and constant.

A. unwitting
B. unswerving
C. inhibiting
D. elusive
E. antagonistic

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Unswerving" means steady. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an unswerving advocate, steadfast and constant." The comma after "advocate" indicates that the adjectives "steadfast" and "constant" are synonymous with the missing term. "Unswerving" in this context does indeed share their meaning.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Unwitting" means unaware or unintentional. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an unwitting advocate, steadfast and constant." The suggestion that Edelman is an unintentional advocate is highly illogical, since she is the founder of an advocacy group. Furthermore, the term "unwitting" does not support her reputation for being "steadfast and constant."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Inhibiting" means restraining. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an inhibiting advocate, steadfast and constant." Advocates promote causes, so it would make little sense to claim that Edelman inhibits them.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Elusive" means evasive, or not easily pinned down. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an elusive advocate, steadfast and constant." Calling Edelman "elusive," or difficult to track down, defies the claim that she is a strong, dependable advocate for her cause.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Antagonistic" means conflicting or opposed. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Since establishing the Children's Defense Fund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelman has been an antagonistic advocate, steadfast and constant." Antagonistic does not at all mean steadfast and constant.

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