SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 26: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 26

11. The attorney was expert in identifying ------- in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised.

A. clauses
B. forgeries
C. loopholes
D. intervals
E. thresholds

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Skill: Determining the meaning of words

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. A "loophole" is an omission or ambiguity in the wording of a contract or law that allows one to evade compliance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The attorney was expert in identifying loopholes in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised." The phrase following the comma defines the missing term. "Loopholes" are precisely those "ambiguities," or uncertainties, in contracts that an expert might hope to identify.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Clauses," in this context, are distinct sections in a formal document. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The attorney was expert in identifying clauses in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised." While certain contractual clauses may contain ambiguities, it is unrealistic to claim that they all do.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Forgeries" are false or fraudulent imitations. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The attorney was expert in identifying forgeries in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised." "Forgeries" are deliberate attempts to defraud, while "ambiguities" in a contract may simply be the unintentional result of imprecise language.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Intervals" are breaks or interruptions. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The attorney was expert in identifying intervals in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised." An "interval" is not necessarily something that requires clarification, whereas an "ambiguity" is.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. A "threshold" is a point of entering or beginning. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The attorney was expert in identifying thresholds in contracts, ambiguities that could cause difficulties and therefore needed to be revised." The term "threshold" is not used to describe written documents, and it would be illogical to compare the beginning of a contract to an "ambiguity."

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