SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 273: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 273

9. Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was ------- when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's -------- to be correct.

A. Compromised… prediction
B. Rejected… insolence
C. Substantiated… endorsement
D. Confirmed… intuition
E. Belied…. Retraction

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Confirmed" means proven to be true, and "intuition" means insight or hunch. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was confirmed when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's intuition to be correct." The fact that Ms. Smith lost the election did indeed "confirm" Andrew's "intuition," or "hunch," that she would be defeated.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Compromised" means settled or jeopardized, and a "prediction" is a statement about the future. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was compromised when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's prediction to be correct." "Prediction" fits within the context of the sentence, but "compromised" does not. Ms. Smith's loss can neither settle nor jeopardize a "hunch."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Rejected" means eliminated from consideration, and "insolence" is disrespect or arrogance. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was rejected when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's insolence to be correct." The second missing term must be similar in meaning to "hunch," but "insolence," or arrogance, is unrelated to intuition. Furthermore, it is illogical to claim that Ms. Smith's loss "rejected" Andrew's hunch.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Substantiated" means showed to be true with evidence, and "endorsement" means formal approval. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was substantiated when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's endorsement to be correct." Andrew anticipated that Ms. Smith would lose the election, but there is no indication that he supported her campaign.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Belied" means proven false, and a "retraction" is a withdrawal of a statement. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was belied when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's retraction to be correct." The content of the sentence indicates that Andrew's hunch was confirmed, not "belied." In addition, there is no evidence that his hunch was a "retraction" of an earlier statement.

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