SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 274: Answer and Explanation

Next steps

Question: 274

10. The medicine does not have a salutary effect by ------- pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely.

A. alleviating
B. distracting
C. revitalizing
D. eradicating
E. augmenting

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Alleviating" in this context means reducing. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medicine does have a salutary effect by alleviating pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely." The sentence suggests that while the medicine cannot get rid of pain completely, it still has a "salutory," or beneficial, effect. One can logically conclude that the medicine at least "alleviates," or reduces, discomfort.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Distracting" means directing attention away from. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medicine does have a salutary effect by distracting pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely." It may be possible to distract a patient's attention away from pain, but it makes little sense to claim that a medicine can "distract" the pain itself.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Revitalizing" means strengthening. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medicine does have a salutary effect by revitalizing pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely." Something that "revitalizes," or strengthens, pain can hardly be called "salutory," or beneficial.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Eradicating" means removing completely. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medicine does have a salutary effect by eradicating pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely." This term creates a contradictory statement because the second clause indicates that the medicine cannot "eliminate," or "eradicate," pain.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Augmenting" means increasing. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medicine does have a salutary effect by augmenting pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely." It would be illogical to describe a medicine that increases pain as "salutory."

Previous       Next