SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 277: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 277

13. Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's -------.

A. affluence
B. affability
C. equanimity
D. resilience
E. truculence

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Truculence" means harshness or aggressive self-assertion. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's truculence." The semicolon and the phrase "none of" indicate that the missing term will contrast with the positive traits mentioned in the first clause. The sister's "truculence," or harshness, does indeed contrast with Sally's "light-hearted and even-tempered" nature.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Affluence" means material wealth or abundance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's affluence." "Affluence" is not a negative personal quality, so this term does not logically complete the sentence.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Affability" means pleasantness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's affability." The semicolon and the phrase "none of" imply that the missing term will focus on a negative quality that Sally does not have. There is nothing negative, however, about "pleasantness."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Equanimity" means calmness of mind or composure. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's equanimity." The missing term should contrast with the traits mentioned in the first clause, but "equanimity," or calmness, is a positive quality as well.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Resilient" means capable of recovering quickly after a setback. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Sally was a lighthearted and even-tempered woman; she had none of her sister's resilience." The sentence is structured to contrast Sally's positive qualities with a negative personality trait that she does not share with her sister. "Resilience," however, is considered to be a positive trait.

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