SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 279: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 279

15. Eduardo was ------- to find the editorial he has written was ------ by several typographical errors.

A. Dismayed… authenticated
B. Overjoyed… exacerbated
C. Intrigued… enveloped
D. Prepared… enhanced
E. Embarrassed… marred

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Embarrassed" in this context means made self-conscious about a mistake, and "marred" means spoiled. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Eduardo was embarrassed to find that the editorial he had written was marred by several typographical errors." It is embarrassing to discover that one's writing contains errors, since these errors get in the way of the message of the piece of writing, thus spoiling it.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Dismayed" means discouraged, and "authenticated" means proven to be genuine. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Eduardo was dismayed to find that the editorial he had written was authenticated by several typographical errors." Errors are not used to authenticate anything, and proving something to be genuine is not a cause for dismay.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Overjoyed" means very happy, and "exacerbated" means worsened. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Eduardo was overjoyed to find that the editorial he had written was exacerbated by several typographical errors." People are not happy to find that something they created has gotten worse. In addition, conditions can be "exacerbated," but pieces of writing cannot.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Intrigued" means made curious about, and "enveloped" means enclosed. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Eduardo was intrigued to find that the editorial he had written was enveloped by several typographical errors." Typographical errors in an editorial are not interesting enough to intrigue most people, and errors are not things that can enclose a piece of writing.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Prepared" means ready, and "enhanced" means improved. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Eduardo was prepared to find that the editorial he had written was enhanced by several typographical errors." Typographical errors are defects in a piece of writing, so they cannot be said to enhance it.

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