SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 286: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 286

7. Thought it is often exclusively ------- Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually -------- parts of eight other South American countries.

A. Protected by… threatens
B. Located in… bypasses
C. Limited to… touches
D. Surrounded by… borders
E. Associated with… covers

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Associated with" in this context means linked to. "Covers" means spreads over. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Though it is often exclusively associated with Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually covers parts of eight other South American countries." The words "though" and "actually" indicate a contrast between the parts of the sentence that are separated by the comma. The assertion that the Amazon is spread over eight countries counters the belief of people who only associate the jungle with Brazil.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Protected" by means guarded by, and "threatens" means menaces. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Though it is often exclusively protected by Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually threatens parts of eight other South American countries." Even though the jungle could be "protected by" Brazil, it makes little sense to claim that a jungle can "threaten" a country.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Located in" means found in, and "bypasses" means avoids or goes around. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Though it is often exclusively located in Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually bypasses parts of eight other South American countries." It is illogical to say that the jungle is "often" found in Brazil and that it would "bypass" parts of other countries.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C ) is incorrect. "Limited to" means restricted to, and "touches" means meets without overlapping. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Though it is often exclusively limited to Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually touches parts of eight other South American countries." A jungle cannot "often" be limited to one country, while still touching eight others.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Surrounded by" means enclosed on all sides, and "borders" means touches at the edge or boundary of. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Though it is often exclusively surrounded by Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually borders parts of eight other South American countries." If the jungle is surrounded by Brazil, it cannot border any other country.

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