SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 303: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 303

9. On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a -------, receiving a much-needed ------- of cash in the form of government loan.

A. Reprieve… infusion
B. Deferment… inducement
C. Rebate… advance
D. Hearing… security
E. Procurement… account

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. A "reprieve" is a temporary respite, or delay, and an "infusion" refers to a pouring in of something that gives new life or significance. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a reprieve, receiving a much-needed infusion of cash in the form of a government loan." A "reprieve" refers to a form of relief, and an "infusion" of money would certainly be a welcome relief for a museum that is struggling financially.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Deferment" is the act of delaying, and "inducement" means motive. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a deferment, receiving a much-needed inducement of cash in the form of a government loan." A "deferment" that allows the museum to pay its debts at a later date may be helpful, but it does not make sense to describe a deferment as an "inducement," or incentive, of cash.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Rebate" means a return of a part of a payment, and an "advance" is a rise in amount or a provision of money before a return is received. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a rebate, receiving a much-needed advance of cash in the form of a government loan." The money cannot be both a "rebate," or return of the museum's own previously paid money, and an "advance," or a loan, which is new money that must be repaid.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. A "hearing" in this context is an opportunity to present one's side of a case. A "security" is a pledge of cash. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a hearing, receiving a much-needed security of cash in the form of a government loan." These terms do not fit within the context of the sentence because a "hearing" would not necessarily result in a pledge of cash, as the second comma implies.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Procurement" means attainment, and an "account" is a formal business arrangement providing for regular dealings or services. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a procurement, receiving a much-needed account of cash in the form of a government loan." A "procurement" refers to something that the museum actively obtained for itself, not to something that the museum was granted, or given. Furthermore, it makes little sense to speak of an "account" of cash.

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