SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 316: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 316

7. The staff complained the managemet was -------, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation.

A. irresolute
B. officious
C. rancorous
D. punctilious
E. myopic

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Myopic" means short sighted. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The staff complained that management was myopic, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation." The comma introduces an explanation of the missing term. It is indeed "myopic," or short sighted, to focus on a corporation's immediate profits at the expense of its long-term welfare.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Irresolute" means indecisive. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The staff complained that management was irresolute, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation." The tendancy to focus on one aspect of a company at the expense of another is not necessarily "irresolute," or indecisive.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Officious" means offering unwanted help. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The staff complained that management was officious, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation." The second clause of the sentence must describe the missing term, but "officious" management would not necessarily sacrifice the company's "long-term welfare" for quick profits.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Rancorous" means bitterly hateful. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The staff complained that management was rancorous, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation." Focusing on a corporation's short-term profits instead of its long-term welfare is not "rancorous," or bitterly hateful, behavior.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Punctilious" means very careful with small details. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The staff complained that management was punctilious, focusing on short-term profits while disregarding the long-term welfare of the corporation." It is possible for corporate managers to pay attention to small details while still keeping long-term goals in mind.

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