SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 324: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 324

15. Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had ------ that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress ------- his wishes and exhibited them to the general public.

A. implied… publicized
B. denied… repealed
C. stipulated… disregarded
D. revealed… excecuted
E. insisted… honored

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Stipulated" means demanded, and "disregarded" means ignored. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had stipulated that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress disregarded his wishes and exhibited them to the general public." The word "although" indicates that the two halves of the sentence express contradictory ideas. Marshall had "stipulated," or demanded, that his papers only be available to a specific audience, but the Library of Congress ignored these wishes by releasing them to the public.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Implied" means suggested. "Publicized" means made public or advertised. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had implied that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress publicized his wishes and exhibited them to the general public." The fact that the Library of Congress "publicized" Marshall's papers does not inherently contrast the judge's desire to contain them within the academic community. In addition, the term "implied" does not fit the grammatical structure of the sentence.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Denied" means refused . "Repealed" means revoked. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had denied that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress repealed his wishes and exhibited them to the general public." Marshall may have refused requests to release his papers to the general public, but the term "denied" is grammatically incorrect in this context. Furthermore, it is illogical to say that the justice's wishes were "repealed," or recalled.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Revealed" means made known, and "executed" means carried out. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had revealed that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress executed his wishes and exhibited them to the general public." It is illogical to claim that the Library "executed," or carried out, Marshall's wishes by contradicting them. Furthermore, the term "revealed" is grammatically incorrect in this sentence.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Insisted" means demanded. "Honored" means respected. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had insisted that his papers be available only to scholars, the Library of Congress honored his wishes and exhibited them to the general public." It makes little sense to say that the Library respected Marshall's desire to keep his papers within the scholarly community by making them available to the public.

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