SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 325: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 325

16. Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended: this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for ------- rather than -------.

A. Disposal… repair
B. Sacrifice… opulence
C. Wastefulness… comfort
D. Spirituality… worldliness
E. Humiliation… charity

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Disposal" means throwing away. "Repair" means to fix or mend. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended; this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for disposal rather than repair." The fact that the garments discovered in Egyptian royal tombs were never mended indicates that rulers were buried with new attire. If the discovered garments show no signs of mending, then Egyptian rulers had their damaged garments disposed of instead of repaired.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Sacrifice" means loss or giving up. "Opulence" means wealth. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended; this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for sacrifice rather than opulence." The fact that the garments discovered in Egyptian royal tombs were never mended indicates that rulers were buried with new attire. A lack of mending does not indicate that the Egyptians chose sacrifice over opulence. On the contrary, the evidence indicates the opposite: that new garments were created to replace old ones.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Wastefulness" means extravagance. "Comfort" means satisfaction. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended; this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for wastefulness rather than comfort." The fact that the garments discovered in Egyptian royal tombs were never mended indicates that rulers were buried with new attire. Although opting for new clothes could be considered wasteful, new clothes are not necessarily any less comfortable than old ones.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Spirituality" means a concern for the sacred. "Worldliness" means a passion for material goods. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended; this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for spirituality rather than worldliness." The fact that the garments discovered in Egyptian royal tombs were never mended indicates that rulers were buried with new attire. The fact that Egyptian rulers were buried in unmended clothing does not necessarily indicate that they valued spirituality over worldliness.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Humiliation" means embarrassment. "Charity" refers to giving something to the poor. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Royal garments found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians reveal no evidence of having been mended; this discovery suggests that the rulers of Egypt opted for humiliation rather than charity." The fact that the garments discovered in Egyptian royal tombs were never mended indicates that rulers were buried with new attire. If the Egyptian rulers were buried in new garments, it does not make sense to say that they valued humiliation over charity toward those in need. Neither word makes sense in the context of the sentence.

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