SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 332: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 332

7. By virtue of her extensive experience and her -------- of practical knowdge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was -------- by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch.

A. Store… condemned
B. Supply… dismissed
C. Wealth… regarded
D. Modicum… abandoned
E. Deficit… praised

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. "Wealth" means abundance. "Regarded" means considered. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "By virtue of her extensive experience and her wealth of practical knowledge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was regarded by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch." The first clause describes Vigil's "experience" and "knowledge," and the second part of the sentence explains how these traits contribute to the position she holds within her family. The fact that Vigil has "extensive," or substantial, experience implies that she has a "wealth" of knowledge as well. It makes sense that the 87-year-old's age and wisdom would prompt her relatives to "regard" her as the "matriarch," or female leader, of the family.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Store" means a supply of something. "Condemned" means criticized. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "By virtue of her extensive experience and her store of practical knowledge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was condemned by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch." It is illogical to claim that Vigil's family "condemned" her for having a great deal of experience and knowledge. The fact that she was a "matriarch," or leader of her family, indicates that these qualites were respected and admired, not criticized.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Supply" means a quantity of something. "Dismissed" means disregarded. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "By virtue of her extensive experience and her supply of practical knowledge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was dismissed by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch." It is illogical to claim that a family's "chief advice-giver and matriarch" would be disregarded for having a "supply" of practical knowledge.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Modicum" means a small amount of something. "Abandoned" means deserted or forsaken. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "By virtue of her extensive experience and her modicum of practical knowledge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was abandoned by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch." It is unlikely that Vigil had only a "modicum of practical knowledge" despite her "extensive experience." It is also illogical to claim that her family deserted her for having significant experience.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. A "deficit" is a lack of something, and "praised" means complimented. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "By virtue of her extensive experience and her deficit of practical knowledge, 87-year-old Louisa Vigil was prasied by her family in New Mexico as its chief advice-giver and matriarch." It is unlikely that Vigil was praised for having a great deal of experience and very little practical knowledge.

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