SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 341: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 341

16. The professor argued that every grassroots movement needs -------; without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization.

A. an invocation
B. a prospectus
C. a manifesto
D. an arbitration
E. a mandate

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. A "manifesto" is a public declaration of political policies. If one were to insert this word into the text, the sentence would read "The professor argued that every grassroots organization needs a manifesto: without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization." The missing term will have the same meaning as "public declaration of motives." Also, the word "without" signifies that a public declaration is necessary to have a cohesive organization. A "manifesto" is the same thing as a public declaration of motives, and would unify the movement around its common goals.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. An "invocation" is a prayer. If one were to insert this word into the text, the sentence would read "The professor argued that every grassroots organization needs an invocation: without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization." The missing term will have the same meaning as "public declaration of motives." Also, the word "without" signifies that a public declaration is necessary to have a cohesive organization. An "invocation" is not the same thing as a public definition of motives.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. A "prospectus" is a summary of the main features of a project, usually a business venture. If one were to insert this word into the text, the sentence would read "The professor argued that every grassroots organization needs a prospectus: without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization." The missing term will have the same meaning as "public declaration of motives." Also, the word "without" signifies that a public declaration is necessary to have a cohesive, or strong, organization. A "prospectus" is not the same thing as a public definition of motives. Besides, the word "prospectus" would most likely not be used in connection with a grassroots movement.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. An "arbitration" is a negotiation. If one were to insert this word into the text, the sentence would read "The professor argued that every grassroots organization needs an arbitration: without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization." The missing term will have the same meaning as "public declaration of motives." Also, the word "without" signifies that a public declaration is necessary to have a cohesive organization. An "arbitration" is not the same thing as a public definition of motives, and would not create cohesion in an organization.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. A "mandate" is an order or command. If one were to insert this word into the text, the sentence would read "The professor argued that every grassroots organization needs a mandate: without this public declaration of motives, there can be no cohesive organization." The missing term will have the same meaning as "public declaration of motives." Also, the word "without" signifies that a public declaration is necessary to have a cohesive organization. A "mandate" is not the same thing as a public definition of motives, and would not create cohesion in an organization.

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