SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 39: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 39

9. Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of ------- when the new dam is built.

A. inundation
B. implementation
C. fortification
D. revival
E. expansion

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Skill: Determining the meaning of words

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Inundation" refers to flooding. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of inundation when the new dam is built." A dam causes the area behind it to fill with water. It makes sense that an archaeological site located close to a dammed riverbank would be in danger of "inundation" or flooding.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Implementation" refers to how something is put into practice. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of implementation when the new dam is built." The implementation of a dam-building project might endanger an archaeological site, but "implementation" itself is not a threat.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Fortification" means strengthening or protection. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of fortification when the new dam is built." It is contradictory to claim that something is "in danger of" being strengthened.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Revival" means renewal or restoration. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of revival when the new dam is built." On the contrary, the sentence indicates that the dam might destroy, not "revive," the archaeological site.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Expansion" means enlargement. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Situated so close to the riverbank, the archaeological site is in danger of expansion when the new dam is built." It illogical to claim that a dam would put an archaeological site in danger of "expansion."

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