SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 43: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 43

13. Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant -------.

A. disrespect
B. shabbiness
C. unconventionality
D. deception
E. selectivity

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Deception" refers to the use of trickery with the intent to deceive. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant deception." The context of the sentence implies that certain automobile companies made "blatantly," or obviously, misleading claims about their products. Such a practice is indeed "deceptive," or deceiving.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Disrespect" means insolence, or a lack of respect. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant disrespect." "Misleading" the public may be considered a "disrespectful" practice, but the term "disrespect" itself is not directly related to issues of truth.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Shabbiness" refers to the state of being run-down or dishonorable. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant shabbiness." While the companies' actions described in the sentence are "dishonorable," the term "shabbiness" does not convey the same connotations of dishonesty that are suggested by the term "misleading."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Unconventionality" refers to a state of breaking with tradition. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant unconventionality." The word "beyond" indicates that the missing term describes an extremely "misleading" action. "Unconventionality," however, only suggests that certain automobile companies engaged in practices that were out of the ordinary.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Selectivity" means choosiness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Before the truth-in-advertising regulations were put into effect, some automobile companies went beyond making vaguely misleading claims and resorted to blatant selectivity." "Selectivity" has nothing to do with the claim that automobile companies made obvious attempts to "mislead" the public.

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